Rhythmic bodily movement, often to music. As a sign of rejoicing, dance had a place in the secular and religious life of ancient Israel. Dance could be accompanied by song and instrumental music. Women customarily greeted the return of victorious soldiers with music and dance (1Sam 18:6). Dancing had a role at the old harvest festival at Shiloh (Judg 21:21). Dance could be performed in the worship of God (Ps 149:3). When David led the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem, he danced before the Lord (2Sam 6:14), a performance his wife Michal thought unseemly. The Song of Songs celebrates the dance of the Shulammite (Song 6:13). Dance also played a role in the religions of Israel’s neighbors. Dance before the golden calf (Exod 32:19) represents a pagan practice. In the NT, dance is part of the celebration of the return of the prodigal son (Luke 15:25). Dancers were sometimes engaged for entertainment at royal courts in the Hellenistic and Roman worlds (Matt 14:6).

1Sam 18:6

6As they were coming home, when David returned from killing the Philistine, the women came out of all the towns of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Sau ... View more

Judg 21:21

21and watch; when the young women of Shiloh come out to dance in the dances, then come out of the vineyards and each of you carry off a wife for himself from th ... View more

Ps 149:3

3Let them praise his name with dancing,
making melody to him with tambourine and lyre.

2Sam 6:14

14David danced before the Lord with all his might; David was girded with a linen ephod.

Song 6:13

13 Return, return, O Shulammite!
Return, return, that we may look upon you.

Why should you look upon the Shulammite,
as upon a dance before two armies?

Exod 32:19

19As soon as he came near the camp and saw the calf and the dancing, Moses' anger burned hot, and he threw the tablets from his hands and broke them at the foot ... View more

Luke 15:25

25“Now his elder son was in the field; and when he came and approached the house, he heard music and dancing.

Matt 14:6

6But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before the company, and she pleased Herod

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