Eden

Eden (Ee´duhn)

The garden in which the first man and woman were placed and from which they were driven because of their breach of divine law. Its location “in the east” (Gen 2:8) probably places it in the area at the head of the Persian Gulf. Eden is the source of four great rivers (Gen 2:10-14) and the site of the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge, both of which are “in the midst of the garden” (Gen 2:9; Gen 3:3). After Genesis, the most important source of references to Eden is the book of Ezekiel. In (Ezek 28:11-19), a variant of the Eden story in Genesis, the prophet describes Eden as the “garden of God” (Gen 28:13) situated on God’s holy mountain, from which primal man was expelled by the cherub because of his iniquity. The Garden of Eden is used as a metaphor for the renewal of the land of Israel by God after the exile (Ezek 36:35; Isa 51:3), where “Eden” is paralleled by “garden of Yahweh”). In (Joel 2:3), the transformation of the land from Garden of Eden to devastated wilderness is part of an oracle forecasting the Day of Yahweh.

Gen 2:8

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Gen 2:10-14

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Gen 2:9

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Gen 3:3

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Ezek 28:11-19

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Gen 28:13

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Ezek 36:35

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Isa 51:3

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Joel 2:3

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