Esther, The Book of

Esther, The Book of

a book of the OT that relates the story behind the Jewish festival of Purim, which celebrates the deliverance of Jews in the eastern Dispersion from a pogrom.

Outline of Contents

Esther

I. Introduction to the Persian court and king (Esth 1:1-22)

A. Ahasuerus’s feast (Esth 1:1-4)

B. The king’s second feast and command to Vashti (Esth 1:5-11)

C. Vashti’s refusal and banishment (Esth 1:12-22)

II. Esther becomes Ahasuerus’s queen (Esth 2:1-23)

A. The king searches for Vashti’s replacement (Esth 2:1-5)

B. Mordecai instructs Esther (Esth 2:6-11)

C. Esther becomes queen (Esth 2:12-18)

D. Mordecai uncovers a plot against the king (Esth 2:19-23)

III. Elevation of Haman and his plans to destroy the Jews (Esth 3:1-15)

A. Conflict between Haman and Mordecai (Esth 3:1-6).

B. Royal approval for and determination of the day for the pogrom (Esth 3:7-15)

IV. Haman’s plot is thwarted (Esth 4:1-8:2)

A. Mordecai stirs Esther to action (Esth 4:1-17)

B. Esther appears unsummoned before the king and her first soiree (Esth 5:1-8)

C. Events of a fateful night (Esth 5:9-6:14)

1. Haman’s scheme to hang Mordecai (Esth 5:9-14)

2. Royal insomnia (Esth 6:1-6)

3. Advice on how to rectify an oversight (Esth 6:7-9)

4. Mordecai’s reward and Haman’s shame (Esth 6:10-14)

D. Esther’s second soiree (Esth 7:1-8:2)

1. Haman’s plot is revealed to the king (Esth 7:1-6)

2. Haman is hanged (Esth 7:7-10)

3. Mordecai is given Haman’s office and estate (Esth 8:1-2)

V. The pogrom is prevented (Esth 8:3-10:3)

A. An edict allows Jews to defend themselves (Esth 8:3-17)

B. The Jews are victorious (Esth 9:1-15)

C. Letters fix the celebration of Purim (Esth 9:16-23)

VI. Summary of a happy resolution (Esth 10:1-3)

Esth 1:1-22

King Ahasuerus Deposes Queen Vashti
1This happened in the days of Ahasuerus, the same Ahasuerus who ruled over one hundred twenty-seven provinces from India to ... View more

Esth 1:1-4

King Ahasuerus Deposes Queen Vashti
1This happened in the days of Ahasuerus, the same Ahasuerus who ruled over one hundred twenty-seven provinces from India to ... View more

Esth 1:5-11

5When these days were completed, the king gave for all the people present in the citadel of Susa, both great and small, a banquet lasting for seven days, in the ... View more

Esth 1:12-22

12But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command conveyed by the eunuchs. At this the king was enraged, and his anger burned within him.13Then the king ... View more

Esth 2:1-23

Esther Becomes Queen
1After these things, when the anger of King Ahasuerus had abated, he remembered Vashti and what she had done and what had been decreed agai ... View more

Esth 2:1-5

Esther Becomes Queen
1After these things, when the anger of King Ahasuerus had abated, he remembered Vashti and what she had done and what had been decreed agai ... View more

Esth 2:6-11

6Kish had been carried away from Jerusalem among the captives carried away with King Jeconiah of Judah, whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had carried away.7Mo ... View more

Esth 2:12-18

12The turn came for each girl to go in to King Ahasuerus, after being twelve months under the regulations for the women, since this was the regular period of th ... View more

Esth 2:19-23

Mordecai Discovers a Plot
19When the virgins were being gathered together, Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate.20Now Esther had not revealed her kindred or ... View more

Esth 3:1-15

Haman Undertakes to Destroy the Jews
1After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him and set his seat above al ... View more

Esth 3:1-6

Haman Undertakes to Destroy the Jews
1After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him and set his seat above al ... View more

Esth 3:7-15

7In the first month, which is the month of Nisan, in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, they cast Pur—which means “the lot”—before Haman for the day and for th ... View more

Esth 4:1-8:2

Esther Agrees to Help the Jews
1When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went through the cit ... View more

Esth 4:1-17

Esther Agrees to Help the Jews
1When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went through the cit ... View more

Esth 5:1-8

Esther's Banquet
1On the third day Esther put on her royal robes and stood in the inner court of the king's palace, opposite the king's hall. The king was sitti ... View more

Esth 5:9-6:14

Haman Plans to Have Mordecai Hanged
9Haman went out that day happy and in good spirits. But when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, and observed that he nei ... View more

Esth 5:9-14

Haman Plans to Have Mordecai Hanged
9Haman went out that day happy and in good spirits. But when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, and observed that he nei ... View more

Esth 6:1-6

The King Honors Mordecai
1On that night the king could not sleep, and he gave orders to bring the book of records, the annals, and they were read to the king.2I ... View more

Esth 6:7-9

7So Haman said to the king, “For the man whom the king wishes to honor,8let royal robes be brought, which the king has worn, and a horse that the king has ridde ... View more

Esth 6:10-14

10Then the king said to Haman, “Quickly, take the robes and the horse, as you have said, and do so to the Jew Mordecai who sits at the king's gate. Leave out no ... View more

Esth 7:1-8:2

1So the king and Haman went in to feast with Queen Esther.2On the second day, as they were drinking wine, the king again said to Esther, “What is your petition, ... View more

Esth 7:1-6

1So the king and Haman went in to feast with Queen Esther.2On the second day, as they were drinking wine, the king again said to Esther, “What is your petition, ... View more

Esth 7:7-10

7The king rose from the feast in wrath and went into the palace garden, but Haman stayed to beg his life from Queen Esther, for he saw that the king had determi ... View more

Esth 8:1-2

Esther Saves the Jews
1On that day King Ahasuerus gave to Queen Esther the house of Haman, the enemy of the Jews; and Mordecai came before the king, for Esther ... View more

Esth 8:3-10:3

3Then Esther spoke again to the king; she fell at his feet, weeping and pleading with him to avert the evil design of Haman the Agagite and the plot that he had ... View more

Esth 8:3-17

3Then Esther spoke again to the king; she fell at his feet, weeping and pleading with him to avert the evil design of Haman the Agagite and the plot that he had ... View more

Esth 9:1-15

Destruction of the Enemies of the Jews
1Now in the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, on the thirteenth day, when the king's command and edict were abou ... View more

Esth 9:16-23

16Now the other Jews who were in the king's provinces also gathered to defend their lives, and gained relief from their enemies, and killed seventy-five thousan ... View more

Esth 10:1-3

1King Ahasuerus laid tribute on the land and on the islands of the sea.2All the acts of his power and might, and the full account of the high honor of Mordecai, ... View more

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