Materials used to start and maintain fires. Wood and charcoal were the most common fuels in antiquity, the latter becoming more important with the advent of metallurgy and other crafts because of its higher burning temperature. Other fuels were thorny shrubs (Nah 1:10), withered sticks and twigs, straw or stubble from the fields (Exod 15:7), fat remains, date kernels, dung of cattle, bones of fishes, birds, and animals (Ezek 24:5-10), logs (Gen 22:3; Lev 1:7), and chips from the carpenter’s shop (Wis 13:12). The NT knows braziers with charcoal or charcoal fires on the ground (John 18:18; John 21:9).

Nah 1:10

10Like thorns they are entangled,
like drunkards they are drunk;
they are consumed like dry straw.

Exod 15:7

7In the greatness of your majesty you overthrew your adversaries;
you sent out your fury, it consumed them like stubble.

Ezek 24:5-10

5Take the choicest one of the flock,
pile the logs under it;
boil its pieces,
seethe also its bones in it.
6Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:
Woe to the bloody ... View more

Gen 22:3

3So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac; he cut the wood for the burnt offering, an ... View more

Lev 1:7

7The sons of the priest Aaron shall put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire.

Wis 13:12

12and burn the cast-off pieces of his work
to prepare his food, and eat his fill.

John 18:18

18Now the slaves and the police had made a charcoal fire because it was cold, and they were standing around it and warming themselves. Peter also was standing w ... View more

John 21:9

9When they had gone ashore, they saw a charcoal fire there, with fish on it, and bread.

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