1 Territory located in north-central Asia Minor dominated by the Gauls, a Celtic tribe famed for warcraft and cunning, from the third to the first century BCE.2 Roman province after the first century BCE that included the traditional Galatian territory mentioned above plus portions of other ethnic territories, especially to the south. Because Galatia can refer to both the territory and the province, it is difficult to know in which sense the word is used in the NT. (1Pet 1:1) and (2Tim 4:10) surely refer to the province, but there remains doubt concerning the other four references (Acts 16:6; Acts 18:23; 1Cor 16:1; Gal 1:2), all of which relate to Paul’s ministry. Some think they refer to the province (the “south Galatian hypothesis”), while others think they refer to the territory (the “north Galatian hypothesis”).
1Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ,
To the exiles of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
10for Demas, in love with this present world, has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica; Crescens has gone to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia.
Paul's Vision of the Man of Macedonia
6They went through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia.
23After spending some time there he departed and went from place to place through the region of Galatia and Phrygia, strengthening all the disciples.
The Collection for the Saints
1Now concerning the collection for the saints: you should follow the directions I gave to the churches of Galatia.
2and all the members of God's family who are with me,
To the churches of Galatia: