Gideon (Gid´ee-uhn; Heb., “to cut off”; also called Jerubaal, Judg. 6:32)

The son of Joash the Abiezrite of the town of Ophrah in the tribal area of Manasseh. Gideon is counted among the major judges, although the narrative describing his exploits (Judg 6:11-8:32) does not refer to him as such. After receiving a divine call, he leads armies drawn from the Israelite tribes in successive battles against the Midianites. The fame of his victories is attested by references in other biblical sources (Isa 9:3; Isa 10:26; Ps 83:10-12; 1Sam 12:11; Heb 11:12). Gideon’s humility (cf. Heb 6:15) and religiosity are evinced by his refusal to accept hereditary rulership over Israel (Judg 8:23).

Judg 6:11-8:32

The Call of Gideon
11Now the angel of the Lord came and sat under the oak at Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, as his son Gideon was beating out wh ... View more

Isa 9:3

3You have multiplied the nation,
you have increased its joy;
they rejoice before you
as with joy at the harvest,
as people exult when dividing plunder.

Isa 10:26

26The Lord of hosts will wield a whip against them, as when he struck Midian at the rock of Oreb; his staff will be over the sea, and he will lift it as he did ... View more

Ps 83:10-12

10who were destroyed at En-dor,
who became dung for the ground.11Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb,
all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,12who said, “Le ... View more

1Sam 12:11

11And the Lord sent Jerubbaal and Barak, and Jephthah, and Samson, and rescued you out of the hand of your enemies on every side; and you lived in safety.

Heb 11:12

12Therefore from one person, and this one as good as dead, descendants were born, “as many as the stars of heaven and as the innumerable grains of sand by the s ... View more

Heb 6:15

15And thus Abraham, having patiently endured, obtained the promise.

Judg 8:23

23Gideon said to them, “I will not rule over you, and my son will not rule over you; the Lord will rule over you.”

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