An implement used to control oxen. Acquaintance with ox goads in daily life (1Sam 13:21) gave rise to figurative speech, where the teachings of the wise were said to stimulate thought in others (Eccl 12:11), although these words of wisdom prodded thoughtful persons. Refusing to acknowledge the obvious or to act on one’s insight constituted kicking against the goads (Acts 26:14). At least one judge, Shamgar, is reputed to have used an ox goad as a weapon (Judg 3:31).

1Sam 13:21

21The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares and for the mattocks, and one-third of a shekel for sharpening the axes and for setting the goads.

Eccl 12:11

11The sayings of the wise are like goads, and like nails firmly fixed are the collected sayings that are given by one shepherd.

Acts 26:14

14When we had all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me in the Hebrew language, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me? It hurts you to kick again ... View more

Judg 3:31

31After him came Shamgar son of Anath, who killed six hundred of the Philistines with an oxgoad. He too delivered Israel.

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