James

James (Jaymz)

The English equivalent of the Greek Jacobus, apparently a common name in the first century. 1 James, the son of Zebedee (Matt 4:21; Matt 10:2; Mark 1:19; Mark 3:17) and brother of John (Matt 17:1; Mark 3:17; Mark 5:37; Acts 12:2), with whom he was called by Jesus to be one of the Twelve (Matt 4:21; Mark 1:19-20; Luke 5:10-11). Jesus nicknamed James and John “Boanerges,” meaning “sons of thunder” (Mark 3:17). The two are prominent in the various lists of the Twelve (Matt 10:2-4; Mark 3:16-19; Luke 6:14-16; Acts 1:13). With Peter, they were present when Jesus raised Jairus’s daughter (Mark 5:37; Luke 8:51), at the transfiguration (Matt 17:1; Mark 9:2; Luke 9:28), and in the Garden of Gethsemane (Matt 26:37; Mark 14:33). The brothers (or their mother) request special places beside Jesus at the time of the messianic kingdom (Matt 20:20-23; Mark 10:35-40). (Acts 12:2) reports James’s martyrdom by decapitation at the command of Herod Agrippa I. 2 James, the son of Alphaeus. He is identified in the apostolic lists as one of the Twelve (Matt 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13), but little else is known about him. He is sometimes identified with the “James the younger” of (Mark 15:40). 3 James, the brother of Jesus. Jesus is reported to have had four brothers (1Cor 9:5; Matt 13:55; Mark 6:3; Acts 1:14; Gal 1:19). Though apparently not followers during Jesus’s ministry (Matt 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21; John 7:3-5), the brothers are reportedly with the Twelve and others after Jesus’s resurrection and ascension (Acts 1:14), and James is identified as one to whom Jesus appeared (1Cor 15:7). Eventually, James assumes leadership of the Jerusalem church (Acts 15; Gal 2:1-12). Both the Jewish historian Josephus and the Christian Hegesippus (according to the fourth-century church historian Eusebius) report that James was put to death by the priestly authorities in Jerusalem a few years before the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE. 4 James, the father of Judas (one of the Twelve), otherwise apparently not mentioned in the NT.

Matt 4:21

21As he went from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John, in the boat with their father Zebedee, mending their nets, and he ... View more

Matt 10:2

2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon, also known as Peter, and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John;

Mark 1:19

19As he went a little farther, he saw James son of Zebedee and his brother John, who were in their boat mending the nets.

Mark 3:17

17James son of Zebedee and John the brother of James (to whom he gave the name Boanerges, that is, Sons of Thunder);

Matt 17:1

The Transfiguration
1Six days later, Jesus took with him Peter and James and his brother John and led them up a high mountain, by themselves.

Mark 3:17

17James son of Zebedee and John the brother of James (to whom he gave the name Boanerges, that is, Sons of Thunder);

Mark 5:37

37He allowed no one to follow him except Peter, James, and John, the brother of James.

Acts 12:2

2He had James, the brother of John, killed with the sword.

Matt 4:21

21As he went from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John, in the boat with their father Zebedee, mending their nets, and he ... View more

Mark 1:19-20

19As he went a little farther, he saw James son of Zebedee and his brother John, who were in their boat mending the nets.20Immediately he called them; and they ... View more

Luke 5:10-11

10and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. Then Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching ... View more

Mark 3:17

17James son of Zebedee and John the brother of James (to whom he gave the name Boanerges, that is, Sons of Thunder);

Matt 10:2-4

2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon, also known as Peter, and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John;3Philip and B ... View more

Mark 3:16-19

16So he appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter);17James son of Zebedee and John the brother of James (to whom he gave the name Boanerges, t ... View more

Luke 6:14-16

14Simon, whom he named Peter, and his brother Andrew, and James, and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew,15and Matthew, and Thomas, and James son of Alphaeus, and ... View more

Acts 1:13

13When they had entered the city, they went to the room upstairs where they were staying, Peter, and John, and James, and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew ... View more

Mark 5:37

37He allowed no one to follow him except Peter, James, and John, the brother of James.

Luke 8:51

51When he came to the house, he did not allow anyone to enter with him, except Peter, John, and James, and the child's father and mother.

Matt 17:1

The Transfiguration
1Six days later, Jesus took with him Peter and James and his brother John and led them up a high mountain, by themselves.

Mark 9:2

The Transfiguration
2Six days later, Jesus took with him Peter and James and John, and led them up a high mountain apart, by themselves. And he was transfigured ... View more

Luke 9:28

The Transfiguration
28Now about eight days after these sayings Jesus took with him Peter and John and James, and went up on the mountain to pray.

Matt 26:37

37He took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be grieved and agitated.

Mark 14:33

33He took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be distressed and agitated.

Matt 20:20-23

The Request of the Mother of James and John
20Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, and kneeling before him, she asked a favor of hi ... View more

Mark 10:35-40

The Request of James and John
35James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came forward to him and said to him, “Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask of ... View more

Acts 12:2

2He had James, the brother of John, killed with the sword.

Matt 10:3

3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;

Mark 3:18

18and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Cananaean,

Luke 6:15

15and Matthew, and Thomas, and James son of Alphaeus, and Simon, who was called the Zealot,

Acts 1:13

13When they had entered the city, they went to the room upstairs where they were staying, Peter, and John, and James, and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew ... View more

Mark 15:40

40There were also women looking on from a distance; among them were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and Salome.

1Cor 9:5

5Do we not have the right to be accompanied by a believing wife, as do the other apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas?

Matt 13:55

55Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas?

Mark 6:3

3Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon, and are not his sisters here with us?” And they took offense at ... View more

Acts 1:14

14All these were constantly devoting themselves to prayer, together with certain women, including Mary the mother of Jesus, as well as his brothers.

Gal 1:19

19but I did not see any other apostle except James the Lord's brother.

Matt 12:46-50

The True Kindred of Jesus
46While he was still speaking to the crowds, his mother and his brothers were standing outside, wanting to speak to him.47Someone told ... View more

Mark 3:31-35

The True Kindred of Jesus
31Then his mother and his brothers came; and standing outside, they sent to him and called him.32A crowd was sitting around him; and t ... View more

Luke 8:19-21

The True Kindred of Jesus
19Then his mother and his brothers came to him, but they could not reach him because of the crowd.20And he was told, “Your mother and ... View more

John 7:3-5

3So his brothers said to him, “Leave here and go to Judea so that your disciples also may see the works you are doing;4for no one who wants to be widely known a ... View more

Acts 1:14

14All these were constantly devoting themselves to prayer, together with certain women, including Mary the mother of Jesus, as well as his brothers.

1Cor 15:7

7Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles.

Acts 15

The Council at Jerusalem
1Then certain individuals came down from Judea and were teaching the brothers, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of M ... View more

Gal 2:1-12

Paul and the Other Apostles
1Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me.2I went up in response to a revela ... View more

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