1 The small horny plates covering the fingertips (Deut 21:12; Dan 4:33). 2 Devices for fastening construction materials together (1Chr 22:3). In construction history, early wooden pegs as fasteners were replaced by copper and bronze nails (ca. 3000 BCE), but the introduction of iron technology (ca. 1200 BCE) made much harder nails available and opened the possibility of multistoried buildings. Proverbial fastening strength was used metaphorically for wisdom (Eccl 12:11), permanence (Isa 41:7), or futile confidence (Jer 10:4). Crucifixion was carried out sometimes using nails to fasten the condemned to the posts. Although the synoptic Gospels do not mention nailing Jesus to the cross, such an understanding of Jesus’s crucifixion underlies the request of “doubting Thomas” (John 20:25) when he was informed that Jesus had risen from the dead.

Deut 21:12

12and so you bring her home to your house: she shall shave her head, pare her nails,

Dan 4:33

33Immediately the sentence was fulfilled against Nebuchadnezzar. He was driven away from human society, ate grass like oxen, and his body was bathed with the de ... View more

1Chr 22:3

3David also provided great stores of iron for nails for the doors of the gates and for clamps, as well as bronze in quantities beyond weighing,

Eccl 12:11

11The sayings of the wise are like goads, and like nails firmly fixed are the collected sayings that are given by one shepherd.

Isa 41:7

7The artisan encourages the goldsmith,
and the one who smooths with the hammer encourages the one who strikes the anvil,
saying of the soldering, “It is good”;
... View more

Jer 10:4

4people deck it with silver and gold;
they fasten it with hammer and nails
so that it cannot move.

John 20:25

25So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I see the mark of the nails in his hands, and put my finger in the mark ... View more

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