Large political divisions, normally of homogeneous ethnic populations. In the Bible, non-Israelite peoples are often grouped together under the rubric “nations” (Exod 34:24; Deut 11:23; Josh 23:13). The chief problem with the “nations” is their gods (Deut 7:22-26), which are accounted as mere idols (Ps 96:5) and not true gods (Isa 44:12-20; Isa 45:14). Still, both the OT and the NT teach God’s sovereignty over the nations. God appointed them (Deut 32:8) and will be their light (Isa 42:6; Luke 2:32).

Exod 34:24

24For I will cast out nations before you, and enlarge your borders; no one shall covet your land when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times i ... View more

Deut 11:23

23then the Lord will drive out all these nations before you, and you will dispossess nations larger and mightier than yourselves.

Josh 23:13

13know assuredly that the Lord your God will not continue to drive out these nations before you; but they shall be a snare and a trap for you, a scourge on your ... View more

Deut 7:22-26

22The Lord your God will clear away these nations before you little by little; you will not be able to make a quick end of them, otherwise the wild animals woul ... View more

Ps 96:5

5For all the gods of the peoples are idols,
but the Lord made the heavens.

Isa 44:12-20

12The ironsmith fashions it and works it over the coals, shaping it with hammers, and forging it with his strong arm; he becomes hungry and his strength fails, ... View more

Isa 45:14

14Thus says the Lord:
The wealth of Egypt and the merchandise of Ethiopia,
and the Sabeans, tall of stature,
shall come over to you and be yours,
they shall fol ... View more

Deut 32:8

8When the Most High apportioned the nations,
when he divided humankind,
he fixed the boundaries of the peoples
according to the number of the gods;

Isa 42:6

6I am the Lord, I have called you in righteousness,
I have taken you by the hand and kept you;
I have given you as a covenant to the people,
a light to the nati ... View more

Luke 2:32

32a light for revelation to the Gentiles
and for glory to your people Israel.”

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