A woman sovereign, consort or wife of a king, or a mother of a king. Israel, unlike other nations around it, knew no legitimate female sovereigns. A king’s wife in ancient Israel apparently had no official function, though marriages were often contracted to cement alliances with other nations (2Sam 3:3; 1Kgs 3:1; 1Kgs 16:31; 2Kgs 8:25-27). The queen mother (mother of the king) had a more important role than the queen consort (wife of the king) in both Israel and surrounding nations (1Kgs 2:19; 1Kgs 15:13). Athaliah (2Kgs 8:26; 2Kgs 11:1-4) was a queen mother who actually usurped the throne of Israel for seven years upon the death of her son, Ahaziah. Two foreign queens are mentioned in the Bible, the queen of Sheba (1Kgs 10; 2Chr 9) and Candace, queen of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27).

2Sam 3:3

3his second, Chileab, of Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel; the third, Absalom son of Maacah, daughter of King Talmai of Geshur;

1Kgs 3:1

Solomon's Prayer for Wisdom
1Solomon made a marriage alliance with Pharaoh king of Egypt; he took Pharaoh's daughter and brought her into the city of David, unt ... View more

1Kgs 16:31

Ahab Marries Jezebel and Worships Baal
31And as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, he took as his wife Jezebel d ... View more

2Kgs 8:25-27

Ahaziah Reigns over Judah
25In the twelfth year of King Joram son of Ahab of Israel, Ahaziah son of King Jehoram of Judah began to reign.26Ahaziah was twenty-tw ... View more

1Kgs 2:19

19So Bathsheba went to King Solomon, to speak to him on behalf of Adonijah. The king rose to meet her, and bowed down to her; then he sat on his throne, and had ... View more

1Kgs 15:13

13He also removed his mother Maacah from being queen mother, because she had made an abominable image for Asherah; Asa cut down her image and burned it at the W ... View more

2Kgs 8:26

26Ahaziah was twenty-two years old when he began to reign; he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Athaliah, a granddaughter of King Omri of Isr ... View more

2Kgs 11:1-4

Athaliah Reigns over Judah
1Now when Athaliah, Ahaziah's mother, saw that her son was dead, she set about to destroy all the royal family.2But Jehosheba, King J ... View more

1Kgs 10

Visit of the Queen of Sheba
1When the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, (fame due to the name of the Lord), she came to test him with hard questions. ... View more

2Chr 9

Visit of the Queen of Sheba
1When the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to Jerusalem to test him with hard questions, having a very great re ... View more

Acts 8:27

27So he got up and went. Now there was an Ethiopian eunuch, a court official of the Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, in charge of her entire treasury. He had c ... View more

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