regeneration (Lat., “rebirth”)

A term associated with human hopes and longings for the dawn of a new day, the establishment of a better world, and the creation of a new humanity. For biblical writers, the hope of regeneration is linked to faith in the Creator, who is understood as the source of new creation. Although the term “regeneration” does not occur in the OT, the OT prophets did speak of an appointed hour when God would make all things new, reconstitute human disposition, make resistant hearts supple, renew the covenant, and refresh spirits through the outpouring of the Spirit (Isa 65:17-25; Isa 66:22; Jer 31:31-34; Jer 32:38-41; Ezek 36:25-28; Ezek 37:1-14; Hos 6:1-2; Joel 2:26-32; Zech 13:1; Isa 2:1-5; Ps 51:10-12). NT writers declare that this day of redemption has dawned in the life (Matt 10:7-8; Matt 11:4-6; Matt 12:28; Matt 18:3; Luke 4:18-19), death, and resurrection of Jesus. God causes people to be “born anew” (1Pet 1:3; 1Pet 1:23; 1Pet 2:2); God “saved us . . . through the water of rebirth and renewal” (Titus 3:5); it is necessary to be “born again” or “born from above” (John 3:3; John 3:7; John 1:13; John 3:5-6; John 3:8; 1John 3:9; 1John 5:1-12; Jas 1:18; Jas 1:21). The locus of this orientation is the resurrection of Jesus; the new creation has dawned with Easter (Rom 6:3-14; Rom 8:10-17; Rom 12:2; 1Cor 12:13-14; 2Cor 1:20-22; 2Cor 3:18; 2Cor 4:16; 2Cor 5:17; 2Cor 6:16-18; 2Cor 13:3; 2Cor 13:5; Gal 2:19-21; Gal 3:27-29; Gal 6:15; Eph 2:10; Eph 2:15-16; Eph 4:24; Col 2:12-15; Col 3:1-12; Heb 10:22; 1Pet 1:3-5; Rev 1:5-6). The means through which this new reality becomes the new existence for human beings is articulated variously and with different emphases. It is imparted through the power of God’s word and Spirit, received through faith, experienced in baptism, lived out in the obedience of responsible living, and in constant conflict with the old existence.

Isa 65:17-25

The Glorious New Creation
17For I am about to create new heavens
and a new earth;
the former things shall not be remembered
or come to mind.18But be glad and re ... View more

Isa 66:22

22For as the new heavens and the new earth,
which I will make,
shall remain before me, says the Lord;
so shall your descendants and your name remain.

Jer 31:31-34

A New Covenant
31The days are surely coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah.32It will not be lik ... View more

Jer 32:38-41

38They shall be my people, and I will be their God.39I will give them one heart and one way, that they may fear me for all time, for their own good and the good ... View more

Ezek 36:25-28

25I will sprinkle clean water upon you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you.26A new heart I will give ... View more

Ezek 37:1-14

The Valley of Dry Bones
1The hand of the Lord came upon me, and he brought me out by the spirit of the Lord and set me down in the middle of a valley; it was fu ... View more

Hos 6:1-2

A Call to Repentance
1“Come, let us return to the Lord;
for it is he who has torn, and he will heal us;
he has struck down, and he will bind us up.2After two da ... View more

Joel 2:26-32

26You shall eat in plenty and be satisfied,
and praise the name of the Lord your God,
who has dealt wondrously with you.
And my people shall never again be put ... View more

Zech 13:1

1On that day a fountain shall be opened for the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and impurity.

Isa 2:1-5

The Future House of God
1The word that Isaiah son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
2In days to come
the mountain of the Lord's house
shall be establi ... View more

Ps 51:10-12

10Create in me a clean heart, O God,
and put a new and right spirit within me.11Do not cast me away from your presence,
and do not take your holy spirit from me ... View more

Matt 10:7-8

7As you go, proclaim the good news, ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near.’8Cure the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. You received with ... View more

Matt 11:4-6

4Jesus answered them, “Go and tell John what you hear and see:5the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead ar ... View more

Matt 12:28

28But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come to you.

Matt 18:3

3and said, “Truly I tell you, unless you change and become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

Luke 4:18-19

18“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,
because he has anointed me
to bring good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives
and recovery ... View more

1Pet 1:3

A Living Hope
3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! By his great mercy he has given us a new birth into a living hope through the resurrectio ... View more

1Pet 1:23

23You have been born anew, not of perishable but of imperishable seed, through the living and enduring word of God.

1Pet 2:2

2Like newborn infants, long for the pure, spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow into salvation—

Titus 3:5

5he saved us, not because of any works of righteousness that we had done, but according to his mercy, through the water of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spiri ... View more

John 3:3

3Jesus answered him, “Very truly, I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God without being born from above.”

John 3:7

7Do not be astonished that I said to you, ‘You must be born from above.’

John 1:13

13who were born, not of blood or of the will of the flesh or of the will of man, but of God.

John 3:5-6

5Jesus answered, “Very truly, I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit.6What is born of the flesh is flesh, and wh ... View more

John 3:8

8The wind blows where it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of ... View more

1John 3:9

9Those who have been born of God do not sin, because God's seed abides in them; they cannot sin, because they have been born of God.

1John 5:1-12

Faith Conquers the World
1Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been born of God, and everyone who loves the parent loves the child.2By this we kno ... View more

Jas 1:18

18In fulfillment of his own purpose he gave us birth by the word of truth, so that we would become a kind of first fruits of his creatures.

Jas 1:21

21Therefore rid yourselves of all sordidness and rank growth of wickedness, and welcome with meekness the implanted word that has the power to save your souls.

Rom 6:3-14

3Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?4Therefore we have been buried with him by baptism into de ... View more

Rom 8:10-17

10But if Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness.11If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the ... View more

Rom 12:2

2Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so that you may discern what is the will of God—what is good and acceptabl ... View more

1Cor 12:13-14

13For in the one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and we were all made to drink of one Spirit.14Indeed, the body does no ... View more

2Cor 1:20-22

20For in him every one of God's promises is a “Yes.” For this reason it is through him that we say the “Amen,” to the glory of God.21But it is God who establish ... View more

2Cor 3:18

18And all of us, with unveiled faces, seeing the glory of the Lord as though reflected in a mirror, are being transformed into the same image from one degree of ... View more

2Cor 4:16

Living by Faith
16So we do not lose heart. Even though our outer nature is wasting away, our inner nature is being renewed day by day.

2Cor 5:17

17So if anyone is in Christ, there is a new creation: everything old has passed away; see, everything has become new!

2Cor 6:16-18

16What agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; as God said,
“I will live in them and walk among them,
and I will be ... View more

2Cor 13:3

3since you desire proof that Christ is speaking in me. He is not weak in dealing with you, but is powerful in you.

2Cor 13:5

5Examine yourselves to see whether you are living in the faith. Test yourselves. Do you not realize that Jesus Christ is in you?—unless, indeed, you fail to mee ... View more

Gal 2:19-21

19For through the law I died to the law, so that I might live to God. I have been crucified with Christ;20and it is no longer I who live, but it is Christ who l ... View more

Gal 3:27-29

27As many of you as were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.28There is no longer Jew or Greek, there is no longer slave or free, there is ... View more

Gal 6:15

15For neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is anything; but a new creation is everything!

Eph 2:10

10For we are what he has made us, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand to be our way of life.

Eph 2:15-16

15He has abolished the law with its commandments and ordinances, that he might create in himself one new humanity in place of the two, thus making peace,16and m ... View more

Eph 4:24

24and to clothe yourselves with the new self, created according to the likeness of God in true righteousness and holiness.

Col 2:12-15

12when you were buried with him in baptism, you were also raised with him through faith in the power of God, who raised him from the dead.13And when you were de ... View more

Col 3:1-12

The New Life in Christ
1So if you have been raised with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God.2Set your minds ... View more

Heb 10:22

22let us approach with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

1Pet 1:3-5

A Living Hope
3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! By his great mercy he has given us a new birth into a living hope through the resurrectio ... View more

Rev 1:5-6

5and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.
To him who loves us and freed us from our sins ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.