1 Remainder (the most frequent meaning of the term). 2 The condition of repose or peaceful restoration. The model of God’s resting on the seventh day (Gen 2:2) conditioned the Sabbath as a day of rest (Lev 16:31), the Sabbatical Year (Lev 25:3-6) as a year of rest for land under cultivation, and the Jubilee Year as a periodic social restoration of wealth and property (Lev 25:8-17). The reality of needed daily rest was recognized for animals (Ezek 34:14) as well as for humans (2Sam 4:5), the latter requiring peace of mind for best effect (Ps 116:7). A special rest was sensed as a journey ended (Deut 12:10; Rev 14:13), and the promise of the Christian life is named as rest provided by God (Heb 4:1) on the model of the rest promised to the Israelites in the time of Moses (Heb 3:10-11).

Gen 2:2

2And on the seventh day God finished the work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all the work that he had done.

Lev 16:31

31It is a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall deny yourselves; it is a statute forever.

Lev 25:3-6

3Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather in their yield;4but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of ... View more

Lev 25:8-17

The Year of Jubilee
8You shall count off seven weeks of years, seven times seven years, so that the period of seven weeks of years gives forty-nine years.9Then ... View more

Ezek 34:14

14I will feed them with good pasture, and the mountain heights of Israel shall be their pasture; there they shall lie down in good grazing land, and they shall ... View more

2Sam 4:5

5Now the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, set out, and about the heat of the day they came to the house of Ishbaal, while he was taking his noo ... View more

Ps 116:7

7Return, O my soul, to your rest,
for the Lord has dealt bountifully with you.

Deut 12:10

10When you cross over the Jordan and live in the land that the Lord your God is allotting to you, and when he gives you rest from your enemies all around so tha ... View more

Rev 14:13

13And I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Write this: Blessed are the dead who from now on die in the Lord.” “Yes,” says the Spirit, “they will rest from their ... View more

Heb 4:1

The Rest That God Promised
1Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest is still open, let us take care that none of you should seem to have failed to rea ... View more

Heb 3:10-11

10for forty years.
Therefore I was angry with that generation,
and I said, ‘They always go astray in their hearts,
and they have not known my ways.’11As in my a ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.