In the Bible, a saying whose meaning is not immediately clear or is purposely veiled. The clearest example of a riddle is Samson’s riddle of the lion and the honey, whose answer was to be guessed by his groomsmen (Judg 14:12-19). The queen of Sheba also asked Solomon “hard questions” (1Kgs 10:1; 1Chr 9:1), and the mark of a wise person was the ability to understand riddles (Prov 1:6; Dan 5:11-12). However, a riddle could refer more broadly to an allegory in which the meaning was deliberately veiled behind symbolic objects (Ezek 17:2-24; Ezek 24:1-15) and could also include “dark speech” that required interpretation (Num 12:8; John 10:6; John 16:25; John 16:29). A perplexing moral problem could be termed a riddle (Ps 49:4), and the numerical sayings of (Prov 30 (vv. Prov 30:15-31) illustrate a riddle form in which are described things “too wonderful” to be easily understood (vv. Prov 30:18-20).

Judg 14:12-19

12Samson said to them, “Let me now put a riddle to you. If you can explain it to me within the seven days of the feast, and find it out, then I will give you th ... View more

1Kgs 10:1

Visit of the Queen of Sheba
1When the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, (fame due to the name of the Lord), she came to test him with hard questions.

1Chr 9:1

1So all Israel was enrolled by genealogies; and these are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel. And Judah was taken into exile in Babylon because of their ... View more

Prov 1:6

6to understand a proverb and a figure,
the words of the wise and their riddles.

Dan 5:11-12

11There is a man in your kingdom who is endowed with a spirit of the holy gods. In the days of your father he was found to have enlightenment, understanding, an ... View more

Ezek 17:2-24

2O mortal, propound a riddle, and speak an allegory to the house of Israel.3Say: Thus says the Lord GOD:
A great eagle, with great wings and long pinions,
rich ... View more

Ezek 24:1-15

The Boiling Pot
1In the ninth year, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, write down the name of this day, ... View more

Num 12:8

8With him I speak face to face—clearly, not in riddles;
and he beholds the form of the Lord.
Why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?”

John 10:6

6Jesus used this figure of speech with them, but they did not understand what he was saying to them.

John 16:25

Peace for the Disciples
25“I have said these things to you in figures of speech. The hour is coming when I will no longer speak to you in figures, but will tell ... View more

John 16:29

29His disciples said, “Yes, now you are speaking plainly, not in any figure of speech!

Ps 49:4

4I will incline my ear to a proverb;
I will solve my riddle to the music of the harp.

Prov 30

Sayings of Agur
1The words of Agur son of Jakeh. An oracle.

Thus says the man: I am weary, O God,
I am weary, O God. How can I prevail?2Surely I am too stupid ... View more

Prov 30:15-31

15The leech has two daughters;
“Give, give,” they cry.
Three things are never satisfied;
four never say, “Enough”:16Sheol, the barren womb,
the earth ever thirs ... View more

Prov 30:18-20

18Three things are too wonderful for me;
four I do not understand:19the way of an eagle in the sky,
the way of a snake on a rock,
the way of a ship on the high ... View more

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