sacrifice

sacrifice

An act of worship in which some object of value to the worshiper is given up as a gift to God. Sacrifice is the most prominent aspect of Israelite worship as depicted in Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. Cattle, sheep, goats, doves, and pigeons were the only kinds of animals that could be offered, and vegetable offerings used wheat, barley, olive oil, wine, and frankincense. Animal sacrifice involved the disposal of blood at the altar and the burning of certain vital parts of the animal. A “peace offering” (Lev 3), which might serve a variety of purposes, allowed the worshiper to retain much of the meat of the animal (Lev 7:15; Lev 7:31-34; Lev 19:6-8); Lev 17 requires all animals eligible as offerings to be sacrificed, rather than simply slaughtered. The “burnt offering” (Lev 1) was the commonest and most general sacrifice, appropriate for atonement or thanksgiving. The “cereal offering” (Lev 2) was a vegetable counterpart to the burnt offerings. Sacrifices might be offered for a great many reasons and for various ends. For example, a “sin offering” did not atone for sin (as its name might imply), but was used as a rite of cleansing, e.g., for failure to cleanse oneself from impurity (Lev 5:2-3) or fulfill a vow (Lev 5:4); it also served to cleanse the sanctuary of impurity in preparation for a festival. A “guilt offering” (Lev 5:14-6:7) was brought when one had desecrated some holy thing (Lev 5:14) or perjured oneself (Lev 6:2-5).

Lev 3

Offerings of Well-Being
1If the offering is a sacrifice of well-being, if you offer an animal of the herd, whether male or female, you shall offer one without b ... View more

Lev 7:15

15And the flesh of your thanksgiving sacrifice of well-being shall be eaten on the day it is offered; you shall not leave any of it until morning.

Lev 7:31-34

31The priest shall turn the fat into smoke on the altar, but the breast shall belong to Aaron and his sons.32And the right thigh from your sacrifices of well-be ... View more

Lev 19:6-8

6It shall be eaten on the same day you offer it, or on the next day; and anything left over until the third day shall be consumed in fire.7If it is eaten at all ... View more

Lev 17

The Slaughtering of Animals
1The Lord spoke to Moses:2Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the people of Israel and say to them: This is what the Lord has com ... View more

Lev 1

The Burnt Offering
1The Lord summoned Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying:2Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When any of you br ... View more

Lev 2

Grain Offerings
1When anyone presents a grain offering to the Lord, the offering shall be of choice flour; the worshiper shall pour oil on it, and put frankince ... View more

Lev 5:2-3

2Or when any of you touch any unclean thing—whether the carcass of an unclean beast or the carcass of unclean livestock or the carcass of an unclean swarming th ... View more

Lev 5:4

4Or when any of you utter aloud a rash oath for a bad or a good purpose, whatever people utter in an oath, and are unaware of it, when you come to know it, you ... View more

Lev 5:14-6:7

Offerings with Restitution
14The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:15When any of you commit a trespass and sin unintentionally in any of the holy things of the Lord, ... View more

Lev 5:14

Offerings with Restitution
14The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:

Lev 6:2-5

2When any of you sin and commit a trespass against the Lord by deceiving a neighbor in a matter of a deposit or a pledge, or by robbery, or if you have defraude ... View more

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