tribute, tax, toll

tribute, tax, toll

Monies paid to the government. Conquered peoples might be compelled to pay tribute to the foreign ruler (1Kgs 20:1-7; 2Kgs 17:1-6; Neh 5:4; Esth 10:1). Otherwise, the most common form of taxation throughout antiquity was that levied on agricultural produce (Gen 41:25-57). This often led to confiscation of land from those who could not pay taxes and, so, to the consolidation of landholdings in the hands of a wealthy elite. This division between wealthy landowners and peasants is reflected in a number of NT parables (Matt 20:1-16; Matt 21:33-41; Luke 12:13-21; Luke 12:42-46; Luke 14:11-27). The imposition of other taxes on individuals was often the incentive for a census (Luke 2:1-2; 2Sam 24). An ideology of resistance to such taxes underlies a question posed to Jesus (Mark 12:13-17). Every Israelite male was expected to pay an annual half-shekel offering toward the costs of the Temple (Matt 17:24).

1Kgs 20:1-7

Ahab's Wars with the Arameans
1King Ben-hadad of Aram gathered all his army together; thirty-two kings were with him, along with horses and chariots. He marched ... View more

2Kgs 17:1-6

Hoshea Reigns over Israel
1In the twelfth year of King Ahaz of Judah, Hoshea son of Elah began to reign in Samaria over Israel; he reigned nine years.2He did wh ... View more

Neh 5:4

4And there were those who said, “We are having to borrow money on our fields and vineyards to pay the king's tax.

Esth 10:1

1King Ahasuerus laid tribute on the land and on the islands of the sea.

Gen 41:25-57

25Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Pharaoh's dreams are one and the same; God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do.26The seven good cows are seven years, ... View more

Matt 20:1-16

The Laborers in the Vineyard
1“For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard.2After agreeing ... View more

Matt 21:33-41

The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
33“Listen to another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a wine press in it, and ... View more

Luke 12:13-21

The Parable of the Rich Fool
13Someone in the crowd said to him, “Teacher, tell my brother to divide the family inheritance with me.”14But he said to him, “Frie ... View more

Luke 12:42-46

42And the Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and prudent manager whom his master will put in charge of his slaves, to give them their allowance of food at the ... View more

Luke 14:11-27

11For all who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.”12He said also to the one who had invited him, “When you give a ... View more

Luke 2:1-2

The Birth of Jesus
1In those days a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world should be registered.2This was the first registration and was taken ... View more

2Sam 24

David's Census of Israel and Judah
1Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, “Go, count the people of ... View more

Mark 12:13-17

The Question about Paying Taxes
13Then they sent to him some Pharisees and some Herodians to trap him in what he said.14And they came and said to him, “Teacher, ... View more

Matt 17:24

Jesus and the Temple Tax
24When they reached Capernaum, the collectors of the temple tax came to Peter and said, “Does your teacher not pay the temple tax?”

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