Generally the father’s brother. There are various persons in the Bible who are obviously uncles, but the term “uncle” is used rarely. In Leviticus (Lev 10:4; Lev 20:20; Lev 25:49;) it is used to mean a close kinsman who could function as the “redeemer” if an Israelite was forced to sell part of his patrimony. Elsewhere the term refers to Saul’s uncle, Abner (1Sam 10:14-16; 1Sam 14:50); David’s uncle, Jonathan (1Chr 27:32); Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s uncle (2Kgs 24:17); Abihail, the father of Esther and uncle of Mordecai (Esth 2:7; Esth 2:15); and Shallum, the uncle of Jeremiah (Jer 32:7-12).

Lev 10:4

4Moses summoned Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said to them, “Come forward, and carry your kinsmen away from the front of the sanc ... View more

Lev 20:20

20If a man lies with his uncle's wife, he has uncovered his uncle's nakedness; they shall be subject to punishment; they shall die childless.

Lev 25:49

49or their uncle or their uncle's son may redeem them, or anyone of their family who is of their own flesh may redeem them; or if they prosper they may redeem t ... View more

1Sam 10:14-16

14Saul's uncle said to him and to the boy, “Where did you go?” And he replied, “To seek the donkeys; and when we saw they were not to be found, we went to Samue ... View more

1Sam 14:50

50The name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam daughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of the commander of his army was Abner son of Ner, Saul's uncle;

1Chr 27:32

32Jonathan, David's uncle, was a counselor, being a man of understanding and a scribe; Jehiel son of Hachmoni attended the king's sons.

2Kgs 24:17

17The king of Babylon made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin's uncle, king in his place, and changed his name to Zedekiah.

Esth 2:7

7Mordecai had brought up Hadassah, that is Esther, his cousin, for she had neither father nor mother; the girl was fair and beautiful, and when her father and h ... View more

Esth 2:15

15When the turn came for Esther daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who had adopted her as his own daughter, to go in to the king, she asked for nothing ... View more

Jer 32:7-12

7Hanamel son of your uncle Shallum is going to come to you and say, “Buy my field that is at Anathoth, for the right of redemption by purchase is yours.”8Then m ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.