A plant whose long trunk grows along the ground or fastens itself to other objects by means of tendrils. In biblical usage “vine” is almost always the grapevine. The vine was noted for its luxuriant foliage, intertwining branches, and trailing or climbing shoots (Ps 80:11
; Ezek 19:10-11
). It was valued for its fruit (Isa 65:8
; Matt 26:69
), since its wood was useless, fit only for burning (Ezek 15:2-8
). Terms for vine, vineyard, or wine are commonly paired with terms for fields or grain, representing the two main types of agricultural production (Exod 22:5
; Num 16:14
; Deut 33:28
; Isa 2:4
; Hos 9:2
; Hos 9:4
). Vineyards required long-term intensive care (Isa 5:1-7
; Mark 12:1
). Vines required heavy annual pruning (Lev 25:4
; John 15:2
), hoeing (Isa 5:6
), thinning and support of fruit clusters, and sometimes irrigation (Isa 27:3
). Deuteronomic law exempted from military service the man who had planted a vineyard but not enjoyed its fruit (Deut 20:6
). The vine became a rich source of symbolism in ancient Near Eastern literature, ritual, and art (Song of Sol. 2:13 7:1). Israel itself was likened to a vine, planted and tended by God (Jer 2:21
; Ps 80:8-9
). The NT applies the image to Jesus and the church (John 15:5
11it sent out its branches to the sea,
and its shoots to the River.
10Your mother was like a vine in a vineyard
transplanted by the water,
fruitful and full of branches
from abundant water.11Its strongest stem became
a ruler's s ... View more
8Thus says the Lord:
As the wine is found in the cluster,
and they say, “Do not destroy it,
for there is a blessing in it,”
so I will do for my servants' sake,
... View more
Peter's Denial of Jesus
69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. A servant-girl came to him and said, “You also were with Jesus the Galilean.”
2O mortal, how does the wood of the vine surpass all other wood—
the vine branch that is among the trees of the forest?3Is wood taken from it to make anything?
... View more
5When someone causes a field or vineyard to be grazed over, or lets livestock loose to graze in someone else's field, restitution shall be made from the best in ... View more
14It is clear you have not brought us into a land flowing with milk and honey, or given us an inheritance of fields and vineyards. Would you put out the eyes of ... View more
28So Israel lives in safety,
untroubled is Jacob's abode
in a land of grain and wine,
where the heavens drop down dew.
4He shall judge between the nations,
and shall arbitrate for many peoples;
they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
na ... View more
2Threshing floor and wine vat shall not feed them,
and the new wine shall fail them.
4They shall not pour drink offerings of wine to the Lord,
and their sacrifices shall not please him.
Such sacrifices shall be like mourners' bread;
all who eat ... View more
The Song of the Unfruitful Vineyard
1Let me sing for my beloved
my love-song concerning his vineyard:
My beloved had a vineyard
on a very fertile hill.2He dug i ... View more
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
1Then he began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a pit for the wine press, a ... View more
4but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of complete rest for the land, a sabbath for the Lord: you shall not sow your field or prune your vineyard.
2He removes every branch in me that bears no fruit. Every branch that bears fruit he prunes to make it bear more fruit.
6I will make it a waste;
it shall not be pruned or hoed,
and it shall be overgrown with briers and thorns;
I will also command the clouds
that they rain no rain ... View more
3I, the Lord, am its keeper;
every moment I water it.
I guard it night and day
so that no one can harm it;
6Has anyone planted a vineyard but not yet enjoyed its fruit? He should go back to his house, or he might die in the battle and another be first to enjoy its fr ... View more
21Yet I planted you as a choice vine,
from the purest stock.
How then did you turn degenerate
and become a wild vine?
8You brought a vine out of Egypt;
you drove out the nations and planted it.9You cleared the ground for it;
it took deep root and filled the land.
5I am the vine, you are the branches. Those who abide in me and I in them bear much fruit, because apart from me you can do nothing.