Sour wine or wine vinegar, a common drink among the poorer classes (Ruth 2:14). It was forbidden to Nazirites (Num 6:3). The offer of “vinegar” to Jesus on the cross could be understood as a compassionate gesture in (Mark 15:36 and Matt 27:48). However, (Ps 69:21) speaks of “poison and vinegar” given to the suffering righteous by enemies. Both the mocking offer of vinegar in (Luke 23:36) and the reference to fulfillment of scripture in (John 19:28) suggest this latter context.

Ruth 2:14

14At mealtime Boaz said to her, “Come here, and eat some of this bread, and dip your morsel in the sour wine.” So she sat beside the reapers, and he heaped up f ... View more

Num 6:3

3they shall separate themselves from wine and strong drink; they shall drink no wine vinegar or other vinegar, and shall not drink any grape juice or eat grapes ... View more

Mark 15:36

36And someone ran, filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a stick, and gave it to him to drink, saying, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to take hi ... View more

Matt 27:48

48At once one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, put it on a stick, and gave it to him to drink.

Ps 69:21

21They gave me poison for food,
and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Luke 23:36

36The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine,

John 19:28

28After this, when Jesus knew that all was now finished, he said (in order to fulfill the scripture), “I am thirsty.”

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