A large carrion-eating bird. A figurative reference to a vulture is offered in (Hos 8:1). Four species occur in Israel: (1) the bearded vulture (Lev 11:13), (2) the Egyptian eagle, probably corresponding to the carrion vulture (Lev 11:18; Deut 14:17), (3) the black vulture (Deut 14:12), and (4) the griffon vulture, for which the NRSV uses the term “eagle” (Deut 32:11; Ps 103:5; Prov 30:17).

Hos 8:1

Israel's Apostasy
1Set the trumpet to your lips!
One like a vulture is over the house of the Lord,
because they have broken my covenant,
and transgressed my law ... View more

Lev 11:13

13These you shall regard as detestable among the birds. They shall not be eaten; they are an abomination: the eagle, the vulture, the osprey,

Lev 11:18

18the water hen, the desert owl, the carrion vulture,

Deut 14:17

17and the desert owl, the carrion vulture and the cormorant,

Deut 14:12

12But these are the ones that you shall not eat: the eagle, the vulture, the osprey,

Deut 32:11

11As an eagle stirs up its nest,
and hovers over its young;
as it spreads its wings, takes them up,
and bears them aloft on its pinions,

Ps 103:5

5who satisfies you with good as long as you live
so that your youth is renewed like the eagle's.

Prov 30:17

17The eye that mocks a father
and scorns to obey a mother
will be pecked out by the ravens of the valley
and eaten by the vultures.

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.