Perceptible movements of air masses. Winds were an important determinant of weather in ancient Palestine. In the rainless summer months moisture-laden winds from the Mediterranean (west or northwest) flowed over the land during the daytime, moderating the midday heat and leaving a heavy dew at night. In the winter months the western winds brought thunderstorms (1Kgs 18:45). Unstable weather between the two main seasons spawned the sirocco, the searing east or south wind that descended sporadically from the desert, blasting vegetation (Gen 41:6; Ps 103:16; Jonah 4:8), drying up water sources, and wrecking ships at sea (Ezek 27:26). God used an east wind to dry up the Flood (Gen 8:1) and drive back the waters of the sea (Exod 14:21). Wind was a mysterious force, moving endlessly from unknown origin to unknown destination (Eccl 1:6; John 3:8). It was a symbol of transience (Ps 78:39), fruitless striving (Eccl 1:14), and empty talk (Jer 5:13), but also of untamed, irresistible power (Jer 18:17), tossing to and fro (Eph 4:14). God alone could command the winds (Mark 4:41), sending them forth from storehouses (Jer 10:13), riding upon them in the clouds (Ps 18:10; Ps 104:3; Ezek 1:4), and commissioning them to do God’s will (Exod 15:10; Ps 104:4). The Holy Spirit at Pentecost was perceived as a mighty wind (Acts 2:2), and the four winds of heaven described the extremities of the universe (Dan 7:2; Matt 24:31; Rev 7:1).

1Kgs 18:45

45In a little while the heavens grew black with clouds and wind; there was a heavy rain. Ahab rode off and went to Jezreel.

Gen 41:6

6Then seven ears, thin and blighted by the east wind, sprouted after them.

Ps 103:16

16for the wind passes over it, and it is gone,
and its place knows it no more.

Jonah 4:8

8When the sun rose, God prepared a sultry east wind, and the sun beat down on the head of Jonah so that he was faint and asked that he might die. He said, “It i ... View more

Ezek 27:26

26Your rowers have brought you
into the high seas.
The east wind has wrecked you
in the heart of the seas.

Gen 8:1

The Flood Subsides
1But God remembered Noah and all the wild animals and all the domestic animals that were with him in the ark. And God made a wind blow over t ... View more

Exod 14:21

21Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea. The Lord drove the sea back by a strong east wind all night, and turned the sea into dry land; and the waters ... View more

Eccl 1:6

6The wind blows to the south,
and goes around to the north;
round and round goes the wind,
and on its circuits the wind returns.

John 3:8

8The wind blows where it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of ... View more

Ps 78:39

39He remembered that they were but flesh,
a wind that passes and does not come again.

Eccl 1:14

14I saw all the deeds that are done under the sun; and see, all is vanity and a chasing after wind.

Jer 5:13

13The prophets are nothing but wind,
for the word is not in them.
Thus shall it be done to them!

Jer 18:17

17Like the wind from the east,
I will scatter them before the enemy.
I will show them my back, not my face,
in the day of their calamity.

Eph 4:14

14We must no longer be children, tossed to and fro and blown about by every wind of doctrine, by people's trickery, by their craftiness in deceitful scheming.

Mark 4:41

41And they were filled with great awe and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?”

Jer 10:13

13When he utters his voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens,
and he makes the mist rise from the ends of the earth.
He makes lightnings for the rain, ... View more

Ps 18:10

10He rode on a cherub, and flew;
he came swiftly upon the wings of the wind.

Ps 104:3

3you set the beams of your chambers on the waters,
you make the clouds your chariot,
you ride on the wings of the wind,

Ezek 1:4

4As I looked, a stormy wind came out of the north: a great cloud with brightness around it and fire flashing forth continually, and in the middle of the fire, s ... View more

Exod 15:10

10You blew with your wind, the sea covered them;
they sank like lead in the mighty waters.

Ps 104:4

4you make the winds your messengers,
fire and flame your ministers.

Acts 2:2

2And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting.

Dan 7:2

2I, Daniel, saw in my vision by night the four winds of heaven stirring up the great sea,

Matt 24:31

31And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Rev 7:1

The 144,000 of Israel Sealed
1After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth so that no wind c ... View more

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