witness

witness

In the legal sphere, one who speaks from personal experience about what happened to oneself or another. This may occur at a trial (Deut 17:6; Prov 19:28; Mark 14:63) or a legal transaction (Isa 8:2; Jer 32:10). It is in this legal sense that two or three witnesses are called upon to corroborate a member’s apostasy (Matt 26:60; 2Cor 13:1; Heb 10:28). Bearing false witness is roundly condemned (Exod 20:16; Prov 12:17; Acts 6:13) and can bring severe reprisal (Deut 19:16-21; Prov 21:28). God is frequently called upon as a witness to confirm a person’s or nation’s proper or improper conduct (1Sam 12:15; Rom 1:9; Jer 29:23; Mic 1:2). The term takes on several specialized meanings in the NT, referring to a person present at the ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus (Luke 24:48; Acts 1:22) or to one who attests to the truth about God (John 8:18; Rev 1:5; Rev 11:3). The “cloud of witnesses” in (Heb 12:1) compares the multitude who have suffered but retained their faith to the great crowd of spectators at a Greco-Roman athletic contest, whose presence spurs the contestants to give their best efforts.

Deut 17:6

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Prov 19:28

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Mark 14:63

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Isa 8:2

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Jer 32:10

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Matt 26:60

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2Cor 13:1

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Heb 10:28

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Exod 20:16

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Prov 12:17

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Acts 6:13

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Deut 19:16-21

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Prov 21:28

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1Sam 12:15

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Rom 1:9

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Jer 29:23

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Mic 1:2

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Luke 24:48

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Acts 1:22

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John 8:18

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Rev 1:5

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Rev 11:3

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Heb 12:1

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