The attitude and acts of reverence to a deity. Aspects of worship included sacrificial rites, prayer, song, and fasting. Worship was always closely connected to humility and obedience. For example, God did not need sacrifices for food (Ps 50:12-13), but the offering of sacrifices honored God as ruler and maker of all that is. And yet to appear before God with sacrifices while flouting God’s demands would be insulting (Isa 1:11-17; Amos 5:21-22). Actual worship practices in Israel developed over time. The worship practiced by the patriarchs was simple and informal; they had no priests or temples (Gen 8:20; Gen 12:7-8; Gen 13:18; Gen 22:13; Gen 26:25). During the time of the judges this type of worship continued, but priests and temples were also known (e.g., at Shiloh). Even after Solomon built the Temple in Jerusalem and installed the Ark there, the people continued to offer sacrifices at local outdoor altars (“high places”); it was only under Josiah that these “high places” were finally eradicated, and worship was centralized at the Jerusalem Temple (2Kgs 23:5-9). A completely new institution of worship was added in the Second Temple period: the synagogue. People at a distance from the Temple could gather at the synagogue on the Sabbath to pray and hear the scriptures expounded in a short sermon (Luke 4:16-29). In the NT, the entire institution of Temple, priesthood, and sacrifice becomes obsolete, and Christian worship is more emphatically internal than external. Three rituals known from the NT, however, are baptism, Communion (Eucharist), and the laying on of hands.

Ps 50:12-13

12“If I were hungry, I would not tell you,
for the world and all that is in it is mine.13Do I eat the flesh of bulls,
or drink the blood of goats?

Isa 1:11-17

11What to me is the multitude of your sacrifices?
says the Lord;
I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams
and the fat of fed beasts;
I do not delight in the ... View more

Amos 5:21-22

21I hate, I despise your festivals,
and I take no delight in your solemn assemblies.22Even though you offer me your burnt offerings and grain offerings,
I will ... View more

Gen 8:20

God's Promise to Noah
20Then Noah built an altar to the Lord, and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.

Gen 12:7-8

7Then the Lord appeared to Abram, and said, “To your offspring I will give this land.” So he built there an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him.8From the ... View more

Gen 13:18

18So Abram moved his tent, and came and settled by the oaks of Mamre, which are at Hebron; and there he built an altar to the Lord.

Gen 22:13

13And Abraham looked up and saw a ram, caught in a thicket by its horns. Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son.

Gen 26:25

25So he built an altar there, called on the name of the Lord, and pitched his tent there. And there Isaac's servants dug a well.

2Kgs 23:5-9

5He deposed the idolatrous priests whom the kings of Judah had ordained to make offerings in the high places at the cities of Judah and around Jerusalem; those ... View more

Luke 4:16-29

The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
16When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He ... View more

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