Zadok (Zay´dok)

A priest whose descendants served in the high-priesthood for most of the First and Second Temple periods (tenth century BCE to first century CE). Zadok and Abiathar were priests under David (2Sam 20:25) and supported him during Absalom’s revolt (2Sam 15:24-29; 2Sam 15:35; 2Sam 17:15; 2Sam 19:12). In the succession struggle after David’s death, Zadok supported Solomon (1Kgs 1:8; 1Kgs 1:32), while Abiathar supported Adonijah (1Kgs 1:7). Zadok anointed Solomon (1Kgs 1:39-45) and became his sole priest. The descendants of Zadok are listed in (1Chr 6:8-15; cf. 1Chr 9:11; Ezra 7:1-5; Neh 11:11). This family controlled the Jerusalem priesthood from the time of Solomon (ca. 965 BCE) until the exile (586 BCE). (Ezek 40:46; Ezek 43:19; Ezek 44:15; and Ezek 48:11) specify that in the rebuilt Temple only Zadokite priests would minister. The line continued to serve in the high-priesthood until 171 BCE, when it passed first to the Hellenizers and then to the Hasmonean house.

2Sam 20:25

25Sheva was secretary; Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

2Sam 15:24-29

24Abiathar came up, and Zadok also, with all the Levites, carrying the ark of the covenant of God. They set down the ark of God, until the people had all passed ... View more

2Sam 15:35

35The priests Zadok and Abiathar will be with you there. So whatever you hear from the king's house, tell it to the priests Zadok and Abiathar.

2Sam 17:15

Hushai Warns David to Escape
15Then Hushai said to the priests Zadok and Abiathar, “Thus and so did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thu ... View more

2Sam 19:12

12You are my kin, you are my bone and my flesh; why then should you be the last to bring back the king?’

1Kgs 1:8

8But the priest Zadok, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and the prophet Nathan, and Shimei, and Rei, and David's own warriors did not side with Adonijah.

1Kgs 1:32

32King David said, “Summon to me the priest Zadok, the prophet Nathan, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada.” When they came before the king,

1Kgs 1:7

7He conferred with Joab son of Zeruiah and with the priest Abiathar, and they supported Adonijah.

1Kgs 1:39-45

39There the priest Zadok took the horn of oil from the tent and anointed Solomon. Then they blew the trumpet, and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon!” ... View more

1Chr 6:8-15

8Ahitub of Zadok, Zadok of Ahimaaz,9Ahimaaz of Azariah, Azariah of Johanan,10and Johanan of Azariah (it was he who served as priest in the house that Solomon bu ... View more

1Chr 9:11

11and Azariah son of Hilkiah, son of Meshullam, son of Zadok, son of Meraioth, son of Ahitub, the chief officer of the house of God;

Ezra 7:1-5

The Coming and Work of Ezra
1After this, in the reign of King Artaxerxes of Persia, Ezra son of Seraiah, son of Azariah, son of Hilkiah,2son of Shallum, son of ... View more

Neh 11:11

11Seraiah son of Hilkiah son of Meshullam son of Zadok son of Meraioth son of Ahitub, officer of the house of God,

Ezek 40:46

46and the chamber that faces north is for the priests who have charge of the altar; these are the descendants of Zadok, who alone among the descendants of Levi ... View more

Ezek 43:19

19you shall give to the levitical priests of the family of Zadok, who draw near to me to minister to me, says the Lord GOD, a bull for a sin offering.

Ezek 44:15

The Levitical Priests
15But the levitical priests, the descendants of Zadok, who kept the charge of my sanctuary when the people of Israel went astray from me, ... View more

Ezek 48:11

11This shall be for the consecrated priests, the descendants of Zadok, who kept my charge, who did not go astray when the people of Israel went astray, as the L ... View more

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