Ziph (Zif)

1 A descendant of Caleb (1Chr 2:42) and thus the area settled by the Calebites (see 3 and 4 below). 2 A Judahite member of the Calebite clan (1Chr 4:16). 3 A city in the hill country of southern Judah (Josh 15:55), which gives its name to the portion of the Judean wilderness between the city and the Dead Sea (1Sam 23:14-15; 1Sam 23:24; 1Sam 26:2). While David was hiding in this area during his flight from Saul, the Ziphites betrayed his location to Saul (1Sam 23:19; 1Sam 26:1). The city was later fortified and provisioned by King Rehoboam as a defensive garrison (2Chr 11:8). The site is identified as modern Tell ez-Zif, about three miles southwest of Hebron. 4 A city in the far southern territory of the tribe of Judah (Josh 15:24). Some scholars identify it as modern Khir-bet ez-Zeifeh, which lies west of the south end of the Dead Sea.

1Chr 2:42

42The sons of Caleb brother of Jerahmeel: Mesha his firstborn, who was father of Ziph. The sons of Mareshah father of Hebron.

1Chr 4:16

16The sons of Jehallelel: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.

Josh 15:55

55Maon, Carmel, Ziph, Juttah,

1Sam 23:14-15

14David remained in the strongholds in the wilderness, in the hill country of the Wilderness of Ziph. Saul sought him every day, but the Lord! did not give him ... View more

1Sam 23:24

24So they set out and went to Ziph ahead of Saul.
David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the Arabah to the south of Jeshimon.

1Sam 26:2

2So Saul rose and went down to the Wilderness of Ziph, with three thousand chosen men of Israel, to seek David in the Wilderness of Ziph.

1Sam 23:19

19Then some Ziphites went up to Saul at Gibeah and said, “David is hiding among us in the strongholds of Horesh, on the hill of Hachilah, which is south of Jesh ... View more

1Sam 26:1

David Spares Saul's Life a Second Time
1Then the Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah, saying, “David is in hiding on the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimo ... View more

2Chr 11:8

8Gath, Mareshah, Ziph,

Josh 15:24

24Ziph, Telem, Bealoth,

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