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One of the things that is quite characteristic of Egyptian wisdom literature is that they wrote a composition called Instructions. And this was a father talking to his son, giving advice about how to live well and how to live prosperously.
Now this is a very similar style to what we find in the oldest Mesopotamian wisdom literature—the instruction from father to son about how to live well, and do well—and also it’s the same thing we find in Prov 1-9. So why are they all so similar?
It’s likely that this genre originated probably in Egypt or possibly in Mesopotamia, and that as scribes, who were the people who wrote this kind of literature, scribes were also the people who served as diplomats for kings and in facilitating trade across national boundaries. And they had to be bilingual if they were going to do these functions. And how did you learn another language? Well, these instruction texts were what were used as the school curriculum.
So apparently, scribes from Israel, if they wanted to learn Egyptian what they learned was the instruction texts. So it spread cross-culturally in that way.