A Macedonian (Greek) general who conquered the Persians and ruled over a vast empire, from Greece to the Indus River, in the 330s B.C.E.
A region notable for its early ancient civilizations, geographically encompassing the modern Middle East, Egypt, and modern Turkey.
A collection of first-century Jewish and early Christian writings that, along with the Old Testament, makes up the Christian Bible.
Belonging to the ancient region of Israel and Judah, derived from the Latin name for the Roman province of Palaestina.
An alternate spelling for "tel" meaning a mound or hill-shaped site containing several occupational layers one on top of the other over milennia.