Donatello, David (detail), 1430–1432. Bronze, Bargello Palace and Museum, Florence.
Donatello (1386–1466) was the foremost sculptor in early Renaissance Florence. His bronze sculpture David was the first freestanding bronze made during the Renaissance. Commissioned by the Medici family for the courtyard of their palace in Florence, the sculpture depicts David with his foot on the severed head of Goliath, holding the giant’s sword. David is naked, save for boots and hat. Compared to an earlier marble depiction of a clothed David, the bronze David is far more effeminate. The delicate young man stands in a contraposto pose, resting his hand on his hip.