The Destruction of Susa

The destruction of Susa, capital of Elam, by Ashurbanipal, 647 B.C.E. Relief, Louvre Museum, Paris.

Austen Henry Layard (1817–94) was a British archaeologist who excavated Nineveh, the ancient capital of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (ruled 668–circa 627 B.C.E). In 1854 Layard discovered the relief carving shown here. The work commemorates the brutal battle of Susa, wherein Ashurbanipal utterly destroyed Susa, the capital of the Elamite kingdom, in 647 B.C.E. Ashurbanipal was seeking revenge for humiliations the Assyrians had suffered over the years at the hands of the Elamites. Notice the flames rising from the city walls as Assyrian soldiers hack away with sledgehammers. Below is a line of soldiers triumphantly carrying away the spoils of war. Ashurbanipal said of his victory, “I devastated the provinces of Elam and on their lands I sowed salt.”

The destruction of Susa, capital of Elam, by Ashurbanipal, 647 B.C.E. Relief. Photo supplied by user Zereshk at English Wikipedia.

People from the region of northern Mesopotamia that includes modern-day Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon.

Dug up, often from an archaeological site.

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