Great Psalms Scroll (11Q5)

Columns 23 and 24 of the Great Psalms Scroll (11Q5), dating to the mid-first century C.E., contain multiple examples of the name YHWH written in the Paleo-Hebrew script. Plate 978, frag. 1; B-314640; The Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library; photographer: Shai Halevi.

Columns 23 and 24 of the Great Psalms Scroll (11Q5), dating to the mid-first century C.E., contain multiple examples of the name YHWH written in the Paleo-Hebrew script. Plate 978, frag. 1; B-314640; The Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library; photographer: Shai Halevi.

A collection of Jewish texts (biblical, apocryphal, and sectarian) from around the time of Christ that were preserved near the Dead Sea and rediscovered in the 20th century.

A West Semitic language, in which most of the Hebrew Bible is written except for parts of Daniel and Ezra. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period.

The name of Israel's god, but with only the consonants of the name, as spelled in the Hebrew Bible. In antiquity, Jews stopped saying the name as a sign of reverence. Some scholars today use only the consonants to recognize the lost original pronunciation or to respect religious tradition.

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