Nave mosaic depicting the exodus, circa 435 C.E. Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome.
The above mosaic is an artistic interpretation of a scene from the biblical book of Exodus, which recounts the momentous departure of the Israelites, led by Moses, from slavery in Egypt. The mosaic is colorful and crowded with people. On the right, Pharaoh's army pours out of a walled city, falling into the Red Sea, where they will drown. On the left, the Israelites triumphantly escape to dry land. The mosaic was commissioned under the reign of Pope Sixtus III (432–40) and can be found in the nave of the Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome, Italy.
migration of the ancient Israelites from Egypt into Canaan
Artwork composed of small pieces of material—glass, stone, pottery—arranged in patterns or depicting persons and scenes.