Ivory Belt Buckle

Ivory belt buckle from Castellammare di Stabia, fifth century C.E., archaeological museum, near Naples, Italy.

This early-fifth-century ivory belt buckle was discovered beneath the cathedral of Castellammare di Stabia, a city near Pompeii, which was destroyed in 79 C.E. in the eruption of Vesuvius. This much later artifact depicts a motif called the concordia apostolorum. The apostles Peter and Paul are shown in an embrace, probably signifying the first time they were reunited in Rome. Peter and Paul’s arms intertwine and their cheeks touch, though they stand at some distance from one another. Parallels have been drawn between fourth- and fifth-century depictions of the concordia and the Portrait of the Four Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture of four embracing Roman emperors dating from around 300 C.E.
Ivory belt buckle from Castellammare di Stabia, now in its archaeological museum, near Naples, Italy.

A city in southern Italy that was destroyed by ash and debris from the eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius in 79 C.E.

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.