The deep valley, with modern Israel and the West Bank on one side and Jordan on the other, through which the Jordan River flows. The valley contains the Dead Sea, the surface of which is the lowest elevation on earth. The Jordan Rift Valley is a continuation of the Great Rift Valley of Africa.
The countries bordering the eastern Mediterranean sea, from the Sinai in Egypt to Aleppo in Syria.
The kingdom consisting of the northern Israelites tribes, which existed separately from the southern kingdom of Judah. According to the Hebrew Bible, all the tribes were part of a unified kingdom under David and Solomon, but the northern kingdom under Jeroboam I rebelled after Solomon's death (probably sometime in the late 10th century B.C.E.), establishing their independence. The northern kingdom of Israel fell to the Neo-Assyrian Empire in 722 B.C.E.