End of the Babylonian Captivity
1In the first year of King Cyrus of Persia, in order that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the Lord stirred up the spirit of King Cyrus of Persia so that he sent a herald throughout all his kingdom, and also in a written edict declared:2“Thus says King Cyrus of Persia: The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem in Judah.3Any of those among you who are of his people—may their God be with them!—are now permitted to go up to Jerusalem in Judah, and rebuild the house of the Lord, the God of Israel—he is the God who is in Jerusalem;4and let all survivors, in whatever place they reside, be assisted by the people of their place with silver and gold, with goods and with animals, besides freewill offerings for the house of God in Jerusalem.”5The heads of the families of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and the Levites—everyone whose spirit God had stirred—got ready to go up and rebuild the house of the Lord in Jerusalem.6All their neighbors aided them with silver vessels, with gold, with goods, with animals, and with valuable gifts, besides all that was freely offered.7King Cyrus himself brought out the vessels of the house of the Lord that Nebuchadnezzar had carried away from Jerusalem and placed in the house of his gods.8King Cyrus of Persia had them released into the charge of Mithredath the treasurer, who counted them out to Sheshbazzar the prince of Judah.9And this was the inventory: gold basins, thirty; silver basins, one thousand; knives, twenty-nine;10gold bowls, thirty; other silver bowls, four hundred ten; other vessels, one thousand;11the total of the gold and silver vessels was five thousand four hundred. All these Sheshbazzar brought up, when the exiles were brought up from Babylonia to Jerusalem.Chapter 2List of the Returned Exiles
1Now these were the people of the province who came from those captive exiles whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had carried captive to Babylonia; they returned to Jerusalem and Judah, all to their own towns.2They came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, and Baanah.
The number of the Israelite people:3the descendants of Parosh, two thousand one hundred seventy-two.4Of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy-two.5Of Arah, seven hundred seventy-five.6Of Pahath-moab, namely the descendants of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred twelve.7Of Elam, one thousand two hundred fifty-four.8Of Zattu, nine hundred forty-five.9Of Zaccai, seven hundred sixty.10Of Bani, six hundred forty-two.11Of Bebai, six hundred twenty-three.12Of Azgad, one thousand two hundred twenty-two.13Of Adonikam, six hundred sixty-six.14Of Bigvai, two thousand fifty-six.15Of Adin, four hundred fifty-four.16Of Ater, namely of Hezekiah, ninety-eight.17Of Bezai, three hundred twenty-three.18Of Jorah, one hundred twelve.19Of Hashum, two hundred twenty-three.20Of Gibbar, ninety-five.21Of Bethlehem, one hundred twenty-three.22The people of Netophah, fifty-six.23Of Anathoth, one hundred twenty-eight.24The descendants of Azmaveth, forty-two.25Of Kiriatharim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred forty-three.26Of Ramah and Geba, six hundred twenty-one.27The people of Michmas, one hundred twenty-two.28Of Bethel and Ai, two hundred twenty-three.29The descendants of Nebo, fifty-two.30Of Magbish, one hundred fifty-six.31Of the other Elam, one thousand two hundred fifty-four.32Of Harim, three hundred twenty.33Of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty-five.34Of Jericho, three hundred forty-five.35Of Senaah, three thousand six hundred thirty.36The priests: the descendants of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy-three.37Of Immer, one thousand fifty-two.38Of Pashhur, one thousand two hundred forty-seven.39Of Harim, one thousand seventeen.40The Levites: the descendants of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the descendants of Hodaviah, seventy-four.41The singers: the descendants of Asaph, one hundred twenty-eight.42The descendants of the gatekeepers: of Shallum, of Ater, of Talmon, of Akkub, of Hatita, and of Shobai, in all one hundred thirty-nine.43The temple servants: the descendants of Ziha, Hasupha, Tabbaoth,44Keros, Siaha, Padon,45Lebanah, Hagabah, Akkub,46Hagab, Shamlai, Hanan,47Giddel, Gahar, Reaiah,48Rezin, Nekoda, Gazzam,49Uzza, Paseah, Besai,50Asnah, Meunim, Nephisim,51Bakbuk, Hakupha, Harhur,52Bazluth, Mehida, Harsha,53Barkos, Sisera, Temah,54Neziah, and Hatipha.55The descendants of Solomon's servants: Sotai, Hassophereth, Peruda,56Jaalah, Darkon, Giddel,57Shephatiah, Hattil, Pochereth-hazzebaim, and Ami.58All the temple servants and the descendants of Solomon's servants were three hundred ninety-two.59The following were those who came up from Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Cherub, Addan, and Immer, though they could not prove their families or their descent, whether they belonged to Israel:60the descendants of Delaiah, Tobiah, and Nekoda, six hundred fifty-two.61Also, of the descendants of the priests: the descendants of Habaiah, Hakkoz, and Barzillai (who had married one of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called by their name).62These looked for their entries in the genealogical records, but they were not found there, and so they were excluded from the priesthood as unclean;63the governor told them that they were not to partake of the most holy food, until there should be a priest to consult Urim and Thummim.64The whole assembly together was forty-two thousand three hundred sixty,65besides their male and female servants, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty-seven; and they had two hundred male and female singers.66They had seven hundred thirty-six horses, two hundred forty-five mules,67four hundred thirty-five camels, and six thousand seven hundred twenty donkeys.68As soon as they came to the house of the Lord in Jerusalem, some of the heads of families made freewill offerings for the house of God, to erect it on its site.69According to their resources they gave to the building fund sixty-one thousand darics of gold, five thousand minas of silver, and one hundred priestly robes.70The priests, the Levites, and some of the people lived in Jerusalem and its vicinity; and the singers, the gatekeepers, and the temple servants lived in their towns, and all Israel in their towns.Chapter 3Worship Restored at Jerusalem
1When the seventh month came, and the Israelites were in the towns, the people gathered together in Jerusalem.2Then Jeshua son of Jozadak, with his fellow priests, and Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel with his kin set out to build the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt offerings on it, as prescribed in the law of Moses the man of God.3They set up the altar on its foundation, because they were in dread of the neighboring peoples, and they offered burnt offerings upon it to the Lord, morning and evening.4And they kept the festival of booths, as prescribed, and offered the daily burnt offerings by number according to the ordinance, as required for each day,5and after that the regular burnt offerings, the offerings at the new moon and at all the sacred festivals of the Lord, and the offerings of everyone who made a freewill offering to the Lord.6From the first day of the seventh month they began to offer burnt offerings to the Lord. But the foundation of the temple of the Lord was not yet laid.7So they gave money to the masons and the carpenters, and food, drink, and oil to the Sidonians and the Tyrians to bring cedar trees from Lebanon to the sea, to Joppa, according to the grant that they had from King Cyrus of Persia.Foundation Laid for the Temple
8In the second year after their arrival at the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second month, Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and Jeshua son of Jozadak made a beginning, together with the rest of their people, the priests and the Levites and all who had come to Jerusalem from the captivity. They appointed the Levites, from twenty years old and upward, to have the oversight of the work on the house of the Lord.9And Jeshua with his sons and his kin, and Kadmiel and his sons, Binnui and Hodaviah along with the sons of Henadad, the Levites, their sons and kin, together took charge of the workers in the house of God.10When the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the Lord, the priests in their vestments were stationed to praise the Lord with trumpets, and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with cymbals, according to the directions of King David of Israel;11and they sang responsively, praising and giving thanks to the Lord,
“For he is good,
for his steadfast love endures forever toward Israel.”
And all the people responded with a great shout when they praised the Lord, because the foundation of the house of the Lord was laid.12But many of the priests and Levites and heads of families, old people who had seen the first house on its foundations, wept with a loud voice when they saw this house, though many shouted aloud for joy,13so that the people could not distinguish the sound of the joyful shout from the sound of the people's weeping, for the people shouted so loudly that the sound was heard far away.Chapter 4Resistance to Rebuilding the Temple
1When the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the returned exiles were building a temple to the Lord, the God of Israel,2they approached Zerubbabel and the heads of families and said to them, “Let us build with you, for we worship your God as you do, and we have been sacrificing to him ever since the days of King Esar-haddon of Assyria who brought us here.”3But Zerubbabel, Jeshua, and the rest of the heads of families in Israel said to them, “You shall have no part with us in building a house to our God; but we alone will build to the Lord, the God of Israel, as King Cyrus of Persia has commanded us.”4Then the people of the land discouraged the people of Judah, and made them afraid to build,5and they bribed officials to frustrate their plan throughout the reign of King Cyrus of Persia and until the reign of King Darius of Persia.Rebuilding of Jerusalem Opposed
6In the reign of Ahasuerus, in his accession year, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.7And in the days of Artaxerxes, Bishlam and Mithredath and Tabeel and the rest of their associates wrote to King Artaxerxes of Persia; the letter was written in Aramaic and translated.8Rehum the royal deputy and Shimshai the scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem to King Artaxerxes as follows9(then Rehum the royal deputy, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their associates, the judges, the envoys, the officials, the Persians, the people of Erech, the Babylonians, the people of Susa, that is, the Elamites,10and the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Osnappar deported and settled in the cities of Samaria and in the rest of the province Beyond the River wrote—and now11this is a copy of the letter that they sent):
“To King Artaxerxes: Your servants, the people of the province Beyond the River, send greeting. And now12may it be known to the king that the Jews who came up from you to us have gone to Jerusalem. They are rebuilding that rebellious and wicked city; they are finishing the walls and repairing the foundations.13Now may it be known to the king that, if this city is rebuilt and the walls finished, they will not pay tribute, custom, or toll, and the royal revenue will be reduced.14Now because we share the salt of the palace and it is not fitting for us to witness the king's dishonor, therefore we send and inform the king,15so that a search may be made in the annals of your ancestors. You will discover in the annals that this is a rebellious city, hurtful to kings and provinces, and that sedition was stirred up in it from long ago. On that account this city was laid waste.16We make known to the king that, if this city is rebuilt and its walls finished, you will then have no possession in the province Beyond the River.”17The king sent an answer: “To Rehum the royal deputy and Shimshai the scribe and the rest of their associates who live in Samaria and in the rest of the province Beyond the River, greeting. And now18the letter that you sent to us has been read in translation before me.19So I made a decree, and someone searched and discovered that this city has risen against kings from long ago, and that rebellion and sedition have been made in it.20Jerusalem has had mighty kings who ruled over the whole province Beyond the River, to whom tribute, custom, and toll were paid.21Therefore issue an order that these people be made to cease, and that this city not be rebuilt, until I make a decree.22Moreover, take care not to be slack in this matter; why should damage grow to the hurt of the king?”23Then when the copy of King Artaxerxes' letter was read before Rehum and the scribe Shimshai and their associates, they hurried to the Jews in Jerusalem and by force and power made them cease.24At that time the work on the house of God in Jerusalem stopped and was discontinued until the second year of the reign of King Darius of Persia.Chapter 5Restoration of the Temple Resumed
1Now the prophets, Haggai and Zechariah son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel who was over them.2Then Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and Jeshua son of Jozadak set out to rebuild the house of God in Jerusalem; and with them were the prophets of God, helping them.3At the same time Tattenai the governor of the province Beyond the River and Shethar-bozenai and their associates came to them and spoke to them thus, “Who gave you a decree to build this house and to finish this structure?”4They also asked them this, “What are the names of the men who are building this building?”5But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, and they did not stop them until a report reached Darius and then answer was returned by letter in reply to it.6The copy of the letter that Tattenai the governor of the province Beyond the River and Shethar-bozenai and his associates the envoys who were in the province Beyond the River sent to King Darius;7they sent him a report, in which was written as follows: “To Darius the king, all peace!8May it be known to the king that we went to the province of Judah, to the house of the great God. It is being built of hewn stone, and timber is laid in the walls; this work is being done diligently and prospers in their hands.9Then we spoke to those elders and asked them, ‘Who gave you a decree to build this house and to finish this structure?’10We also asked them their names, for your information, so that we might write down the names of the men at their head.11This was their reply to us: ‘We are the servants of the God of heaven and earth, and we are rebuilding the house that was built many years ago, which a great king of Israel built and finished.12But because our ancestors had angered the God of heaven, he gave them into the hand of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, the Chaldean, who destroyed this house and carried away the people to Babylonia.13However, King Cyrus of Babylon, in the first year of his reign, made a decree that this house of God should be rebuilt.14Moreover, the gold and silver vessels of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple in Jerusalem and had brought into the temple of Babylon, these King Cyrus took out of the temple of Babylon, and they were delivered to a man named Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor.15He said to him, “Take these vessels; go and put them in the temple in Jerusalem, and let the house of God be rebuilt on its site.”16Then this Sheshbazzar came and laid the foundations of the house of God in Jerusalem; and from that time until now it has been under construction, and it is not yet finished.’17And now, if it seems good to the king, have a search made in the royal archives there in Babylon, to see whether a decree was issued by King Cyrus for the rebuilding of this house of God in Jerusalem. Let the king send us his pleasure in this matter.”Chapter 6The Decree of Darius
1Then King Darius made a decree, and they searched the archives where the documents were stored in Babylon.2But it was in Ecbatana, the capital in the province of Media, that a scroll was found on which this was written: “A record.3In the first year of his reign, King Cyrus issued a decree: Concerning the house of God at Jerusalem, let the house be rebuilt, the place where sacrifices are offered and burnt offerings are brought; its height shall be sixty cubits and its width sixty cubits,4with three courses of hewn stones and one course of timber; let the cost be paid from the royal treasury.5Moreover, let the gold and silver vessels of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the temple in Jerusalem and brought to Babylon, be restored and brought back to the temple in Jerusalem, each to its place; you shall put them in the house of God.”6“Now you, Tattenai, governor of the province Beyond the River, Shethar-bozenai, and you, their associates, the envoys in the province Beyond the River, keep away;7let the work on this house of God alone; let the governor of the Jews and the elders of the Jews rebuild this house of God on its site.8Moreover I make a decree regarding what you shall do for these elders of the Jews for the rebuilding of this house of God: the cost is to be paid to these people, in full and without delay, from the royal revenue, the tribute of the province Beyond the River.9Whatever is needed—young bulls, rams, or sheep for burnt offerings to the God of heaven, wheat, salt, wine, or oil, as the priests in Jerusalem require—let that be given to them day by day without fail,10so that they may offer pleasing sacrifices to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king and his children.11Furthermore I decree that if anyone alters this edict, a beam shall be pulled out of the house of the perpetrator, who then shall be impaled on it. The house shall be made a dunghill.12May the God who has established his name there overthrow any king or people that shall put forth a hand to alter this, or to destroy this house of God in Jerusalem. I, Darius, make a decree; let it be done with all diligence.”Completion and Dedication of the Temple
13Then, according to the word sent by King Darius, Tattenai, the governor of the province Beyond the River, Shethar-bozenai, and their associates did with all diligence what King Darius had ordered.14So the elders of the Jews built and prospered, through the prophesying of the prophet Haggai and Zechariah son of Iddo. They finished their building by command of the God of Israel and by decree of Cyrus, Darius, and King Artaxerxes of Persia;15and this house was finished on the third day of the month of Adar, in the sixth year of the reign of King Darius.16The people of Israel, the priests and the Levites, and the rest of the returned exiles, celebrated the dedication of this house of God with joy.17They offered at the dedication of this house of God one hundred bulls, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs, and as a sin offering for all Israel, twelve male goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.18Then they set the priests in their divisions and the Levites in their courses for the service of God at Jerusalem, as it is written in the book of Moses.The Passover Celebrated
19On the fourteenth day of the first month the returned exiles kept the passover.20For both the priests and the Levites had purified themselves; all of them were clean. So they killed the passover lamb for all the returned exiles, for their fellow priests, and for themselves.21It was eaten by the people of Israel who had returned from exile, and also by all who had joined them and separated themselves from the pollutions of the nations of the land to worship the Lord, the God of Israel.22With joy they celebrated the festival of unleavened bread seven days; for the Lord had made them joyful, and had turned the heart of the king of Assyria to them, so that he aided them in the work on the house of God, the God of Israel.